Where a source is a personal correspondence or discussion, and thus has not previously been published, this is clearly indicated in the list of references. The views of individuals should be taken as personal opinion and are not intended to reflect the official views of the companies or institutions with which they are associated. Home | Acknowledgements

1. WINNER, L. 'Do artifacts have politics?' in The Whale and The Reactor: A Search for Limits in an Age of High Technology, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1986

2. 'Baron Haussmann' entry on Wikipedia, 10. iv. 2005, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baron_Haussmann

3. JACOBS, J. The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Pelican Books, Harmondsworth, 1965, pp. 99-100

4. EWING, R. Traffic Calming: State of the Practice, Institute of Transportation Engineers,Washington D.C., 1999

5. HOWELL, O. 'The Poetics of Security: Skateboarding, Urban Design, and the New Public Space,' Urban Action 2001/San Francisco State University Urban Studies Program, 2001, http://www.urbanstructure.com/urbanaction/PS.html

6.'Recycled Plastic Georgetown Bench,' Belson Outdoors, Inc., acc. May 2005, http://www.belson.com/gbrec.htm

7. BENTHAM, J. 'Panopticon; or The Inspection-House, &c.' in The Panopticon Writings (ed. Miran Bozovic), Verso, London, 1995

8. FOUCAULT, M. Discipline and Punish: Birth of the Prison (tr. Alan Sheridan), Peregrine Books, Harmondsworth, 1979

9. 'What is Traksure?' AXA Insurance Limited (Ireland), acc. May 2005, http://www.axa.ie/car/traksure.html

10. 'Pay As You Drive™ insurance,' Norwich Union, acc. May 2005, http://www.norwichunion.com/pay-asyou-drive

11. BOVENS, A. 'Closed Architectures for Content Distribution,' Japan Media Review, 12. ii. 2005, http://www.japanmediareview.com/japan/stories/050210bovens

12. von LOHMANN, 'Fair Use and Digital Rights Management,' Electronic Frontier Foundation, 16. iv. 2002, http://www.eff.org/IP/DRM/cfp_fair_use_and_drm.pdf

13. MAGID, L. 'It Pays To Read License Agreements,' PC Pitstop, acc. May 2005, http://www.pcpitstop.com/spycheck/eula.asp

14. STALLMAN, R.M. 'The Right to Read,' Communications of the ACM, Vol. 40, No. 2, February 1997, http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/right-to-read.html

15. ANDERSON, R. ''Trusted Computing' Frequently Asked Questions,' Version 1.1, August 2003, http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~rja14/tcpafaq.html

16. TOURETZKY, D. 'Gallery of Adobe Remedies,' 8. iv. 2005, http://www-2.cs.cmu.edu/~dst/Adobe/Gallery

17. 'End the hassle of renting movies with the Flexplay DVD,' Flexplay, acc. May 2005, http://www.flexplay.com

18. 'Digital Rights Management' entry on Wikipedia, 30. iv. 2005, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_Rights_Management

19. MEDLAR, A. 'Adobe forbids reading aloud,' 13. xii. 2000, http://www.pigdogs.org/art/adobe.html

20. SCHNEIDER, N. 'The Sound of iPod,' 11. i. 2005, http://ipodlinux.org/stories/piezo

21. 'Endangered Gizmos,' Electronic Frontier Foundation, acc. May 2005, http://www.eff.org/endangered/list.php

22. DOCTOROW, C. 'Understanding the Broadcast Flag,' for G4 TV 'Screen Savers,' 15. viii. 2002, http://www.g4tv.com/.../Broadcast_Flag.html

23. DOCTOROW, C. 'Hollywood wants to plug the 'Analog Hole'' on 'Consensus at Lawyerpoint,' 23. v. 2002, http://bpdg.blogs.eff.org/archives/000113.html

24. GREENE, T. 'Court blasts FCC on broadcast flag,' The Register, 7. v. 2005, http://www.theregister.co.uk/.../shot_down

25. 'Digital Millennium Copyright Act' entry onWikipedia, 22. iv. 2005, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_Millennium_Copyright_Act

26. LESSIG, L. Free Culture: How Big Media Uses Technology and the Law to Lock Down Culture and Control Creativity, Penguin Books, New York, 2004, pp. 93-97

27. ibid, pp. 96-7

28. ibid, pp. 99-100

29. LESSIG, L. Code, and Other Laws of Cyberspace, Basic Books, New York, 1999

30. FOGG, B.J. Persuasive Technology: Using Computers to Change What We Think and Do, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco, 2003

31. 'Fantastic car,' a review of Audi A2 1.4 TDI by user 'Hils303' on Ciao!, 24. i. 2004, http://www.ciao.co.uk/Audi_A2_1_4_TDI__Review_5381671

32. NORMAN, D. The Design of Everyday Things, Basic Books, New York, 2002, pp.132-140

33. Correspondence between Steve Portigal and the author, April/May 2005

34. BERRIDGE, D. 'Safety First: The SSV/SRV cars,' on the Unofficial Austin-Rover Web Resource, 17. viii. 2004, http://www.austin-rover.co.uk/researchsrvf.htm

35. IACOCCA, L. Iacocca, An Autobiography, Bantam Books, London, 1986, pp. 309-316

36. FOGG, B.J., supra, pp. 106-107

37. SHINGO, S. Study of the Toyota Production System: From an Industrial Engineering Viewpoint (tr. Andrew P. Dillon), Productivity Press, New York, 1989

38. GROUT, J. 'John Grout's Poka-Yoke Page,' acc. May 2005, http://csob.berry.edu/faculty/jgrout/pokayoke.shtml

39. BOOTHROYD, G., DEWHURST, P. and KNIGHT,W.A. Product Design for Manufacture and Assembly, Marcel Dekker, New York, 2001

40. BECH, K.S. 'PillAid' in Good Thinking : Brunel Design 04 Directory (eds. D. Lockton, C.Weightman, P. Turnock and J.E. Hanson), Brunel University, Runnymede, 2004

41. WARD, J. et al, Design for Patient Safety, Department of Health, London, 2003, http://wwwedc.eng.cam.ac.uk/medical/downloads/report.pdf

42. SWAN, G. 'Square-Eyes' in Brunel Design 2005 (eds. P. Turnock, A. Bartlett, et al), Brunel University, Uxbridge, 2005

43. AMBLER, T. 'The ultimate incentive to get kids exercising?' on Principles of Timology, 18. v. 2005, http://ambler.ca/weblog/archives/000033.html

44. 'Shoe kick-starts active lifestyle,' BBC News, 18. v. 2005, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/4555989.stm

45. PHILLIPS, V. 'Washing machine fingers lazy male,' BBC News, 1. v. 2005, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/4504393.stm

46. SILVA, R. 'Region Codes-DVD's Dirty Secret,' About.com Home Theater section, 2. viii. 2004, http://hometheater.about.com/.../codesa.htm

47. Discussion between Bill Thompson and the author, May 2005

48. MILLER, E. 'Why Use DRM If It Doesn'tWork?' on Copyfight, 7. v. 2004, http://www.corante.com/copyfight/archives/003559.html

49. LESSIG, L. Free Culture, supra, pp. 97-8

50. LESSIG, L. Code, and Other Laws of Cyberspace, supra, pp. 85-99

51. LESSIG, L. The Future of Ideas: The Fate of the Commons in a Connected World, Random House, New York, 2001

52. Stanford Persuasive Technology Laboratory, http://captology.stanford.edu

53. FOGG, B.J., supra, pp. 205-7

54. ibid, p. 194

55. ibid, pp. 228-9

56. ibid, p. 250

57. von HIPPEL, E. The Sources of Innovation, Oxford University Press, New York, 1988

58. von HIPPEL, E. Democratizing Innovation, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 2005

59. ibid, p. 99

60. ODLYZKO, A. 'The Evolution of Price Discrimination in Transportation and its Implications for the Internet,' Review of Network Economics, September 2004, http://www.rnejournal.com/.../odlyzko_RNE_sept_2004.pdf

61. McKNIGHT, L., LEHR,W.H. and HOWISON, J. Coordinating User and Device Behaviour inWireless Grids, http://wirelessgrids.net/docs/BehaviourTechPaperSingle.pdf

62. GILLETT, S.E., LEHR,W.H., WROCLAWSKI, J.T. and CLARK, D.D., 'Do Appliances Threaten Internet Innovation?,' IEEE Communications, October 2001, http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/.../956112

63. FEYNMAN, R.P. 'Los Alamos From Below,' in The Pleasure of Finding Things Out (ed. Jeffrey Robbins), Perseus Publishing, Cambridge, Mass., 1999 (also http://clsdemo.caltech.edu/14/01/FeynmanLosAlamos.pdf )

64. LEYDEN, J. 'DVD Jon is free-official,' The Register, 7. i. 2003, http://www.theregister.co.uk/.../dvd_jon_is_free_official

65. BALCHIN, N. and DAVY, P. 'A van that went up in the world,' Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge, 1996, http://www.cai.cam.ac.uk/college/past/legend

66. RAYMOND, E.S. 'How to become a hacker,' The Cathedral and the Bazaar, O'Reilly Media, Sebastopol, Cal., 1999 (also at http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/hackerhowto.html )

67. FEYNMAN, R.P. 'The Pleasure of Finding Things Out,' in The Pleasure of Finding Things Out, supra.

68. HEINLEIN, R. Stranger in a Strange Land, Putnam Publishing, New York, 1961

69. FELTEN, E.W., Freedom to Tinker blog, http://www.freedom-to-tinker.com

70. NEISTAT, C.O. and NEISTAT, V., 'iPod's Dirty Secret' (movie), 2003, http://ipodsdirtysecret.com

71. 'General information about the Electronic Frontier Foundation,' Electronic Frontier Foundation, acc. May 2005, http://www.eff.org/about

72. Chilling Effects Clearinghouse, http://www.chillingeffects.org

73. LESSIG, L. Code, and Other Laws of Cyberspace, supra, p. 99

74. VARIAN, H.R. 'New chips can keep a tight rein on consumers, even after they buy a product,' New York Times, 4. vii. 2002, http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/.../2002-07-04.html

75. DOUGHERTY, D. (ed.) Make: Technology on Your Time, Vol. 01, O'Reilly Media, Sebastopol, Cal., February 2005

76. ROTH, D. 'The Amazing Rise of the Do-It-Yourself Economy,' Fortune, May 2005, http://www.fortune.com/.../1,00.html

77. STALLMAN, R.M. 'My Lisp Experiences and the Development of GNU Emacs,' International Lisp Conference, 28. x. 2002, http://www.gnu.org/gnu/rmslisp.html

78. GRAHAM, P. 'Good Bad Attitude' in Hackers & Painters, O'Reilly Media, Sebastopol, Cal., 2004

79. 'Resistentialism' entry on Wikipedia, 11. ii. 2005, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resistentialism

80. ROSEN, H. 'Steve Jobs, Let My Music Go,' Huffington Post blog, 9. v. 2005, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/.../let-.html

81. 'PC Pro online music exposé: UK public pays too much for too little,' PC Pro, 22. iv. 2005, http://www.pcpro.co.uk/.../too-little.html

82. 'Online music lovers 'frustrated',' BBC News, 25. iv. 2005, http://newswww.bbc.net.uk/1/hi/technology/4474143.stm

83. GRAHAM, P. 'What You Can't Say' in Hackers & Painters, supra.

84. Correspondence between Andreas Bovens and the author, April 2005

85. GRAVES, L. 'Has TiVo Forsaken Us?,' Wired, November 2004, http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/12.11/view.html?pg=3

86. 'What is MythTV?' on MythTV website, 17. v. 2005, http://www.mythtv.org/docs/mythtv-HOWTO-1.html

87. CARSTEN, O. and FOWKES, M. External Vehicle Speed Control, Phase I Results, Executive Summary, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds, July 1998, http://www.dft.gov.uk/.../dft_roads_506878.pdf

88. CARSTEN, O. and TATE, F. External Vehicle Speed Control, Final Report: Integration, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds, July 2000, http://www.transport.gov.uk/.../dft_roads_506877.pdf

89. 'External vehicle speed control project-introduction,' Department for Transport website, acc. May 2005, http://www.dft.gov.uk/.../dft_roads_506876.hcsp

90. LIVERSIDGE, N.F. 'The Mulhouse Declaration,' Motorcycle Action Group, 2001, http://www.network.maguk.org/EVSC/EVSC_Mulhouse.html

91. 'Get involved in RNIB campaigns,' Royal National Institute for the Blind, 4. iii. 2005, http://www.rnib.org.uk/.../public_rnib003590.hcsp

92. Thank you to Peter Moar for this observation.

93. Discussion between Chris Weightmanand the author, May 2005

94. Knee Defender website, http://www.kneedefender.com

95. 'Backflash' in 'Laser & Radar Review,' Evo, January 1999 (also at http://www.caautomotive.co.uk/test5.shtml )

96. Burgopak website, http://www.burgopak.com

97. Discussion between Hamish Thain and the author, May 2005

98. SMITH, A. 'Canon loses printer recycling case,' The Register, 9. xii. 2004, http://www.channelregister.co.uk/.../canon_loses_printer_case

99. 'Lexmark v. Static Control Case Archive,' Electronic Frontier Foundation, acc. May 2005, http://www.eff.org/legal/cases/Lexmark_v_Static_Control

100. LEYDEN, J. 'Lexmark suffers setback in DMCA case,' The Register, 28. x. 2004, http://www.theregister.co.uk/2004/10/28/lexmarkvsscc

101. 'US woman sues over ink cartridges,' BBC News, 24. ii. 2005, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/4293427.stm

102. SHERRIFF, L. 'Things to do online when you're dead,' The Register, 8. ii. 2005, quoting correspondent 'Peter,' http://www.theregister.co.uk/2005/02/08/letters_0802

103. CHALKLEY, A., HARRISON, D. and BILLETT, E. A Review of Product Lifetime Optimization as an Environmental Tool, International Conference on Engineering Design ICED01, 2001

104. Correspondence between David Harrison and the author, April 2005

105. 'Directive 2002/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE),' Official Journal of the European Union, 13. ii. 2003, http://europa.eu.int/.../240038.pdf

106. ADAMS, N. 'Why is GM Crushing Their EV-1s?' Electrifying Times, 2. xii. 2001, http://www.electrifyingtimes.com/ev1crush.html

107. 'Photoshop BS,' Metafilter, 8. i. 2004, http://www.metafilter.com/mefi/30610

108. 'Photoshop CS Adds Banknote Image Detection, Blocking?' Slashdot, 8. i. 2004, http://slashdot.org/articles/.../185

109. BECKER, D. 'HP focuses on paparazzi-proof cameras,' CNET News.com, 25. i. 2005, http://news.com.com/.../5550415.html

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